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How are gems mined?
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How are gems mined?

Such stones are formed deep in your yard where powerful tectonic processes once occurred. The main ones are diamond, ruby, emerald, topaz, sapphire, aquamarine.

What is the peculiarity?

The most important property of precious stones is their strength. Due to this feature gems were able to withstand the monstrous pressure in the earth. The durability of colored crystals was appreciated by people. It was noticed, that gems don’t change their qualities under the influence of external environments. Pearls can fade or deteriorate in a fire, but with a crystal emerald nothing will happen. At internet boutique Elephant (Svetlogorsk Russia) except Baltic amber there are also beautiful products made of semi-precious and synthetic stones. More choices available on the official website Amberholding. You can find there earrings, pendants and rings.

Geography of distribution

Gemstone deposits are simply on all continents however the majority of the gems in our time is mined in Southeast Asia and South America. The largest diamond deposits are in South Africa plus Russia. Today the extraction of gems has developed into a real industry – in accordance with General estimates the employs tend to be more than 5 million people. One of the richest deposits of precious stones is found on the island Sri Lanka. Here mined stones including ruby, sapphire, alexandrite, corundum. Sri Lanka is immediately followed by the fields of Brazil, its keep are deposits alexandrites, Topaz and aquamarines. The main supplier of sapphires is Australia-in the united states, 80% of all stones with this type are mined. In ancient times precious stones were found mainly in the beds of rivers or perhaps in soft rock that stumbled on the surface as a result of earthquakes. Today the extraction of crystals is done with the use of heavy construction equipment. Kimberlite pipes of South Africa and Yakutia are really large that clearly visible from space.

How is the price formed?

In many instances placers of gems are found in hard to succeed in places therefore their production is fraught with great problems, which experts claim results in a rise inside the cost of stones. In extremely tough conditions, sapphires are mined at Indian paddar field. The mines are situated high within the mountains as well as a large part of year it really is impossible to get there by car. Gems are mined as inside the old days manually with picks and shovels. The highest mine it can be found at an altitude of 4000 meters and basically the seek out gems is occurring at negative temperatures.

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